Baby Poo Problems: Identifying And Treating Constipation And Diarrhea


Baby poo problems can be a cause of concern for parents, as it can indicate potential health issues in their little ones. It is important to understand the different factors that can affect a baby's poo, including their diet and the development of their digestive system. This article aims to provide information on identifying and treating constipation and diarrhoea in babies, so parents can better care for their child's health. From changes in frequency and appearance to potential causes and treatment options, we will cover all the essential information to help parents navigate through their baby's poo problems. 


Understanding Baby Poo

As a new parent, one of the most common concerns is the appearance of your baby's poo. It can vary greatly in colour, consistency, and smell, causing worry and confusion. However, understanding the different characteristics of baby poo can help ease your mind and identify any potential problems.

The frequency of your baby's bowel movements can vary from multiple times a day to every other day, depending on their age and diet. The colour of their poo can range from yellow to green to brown, depending on what they have eaten. The consistency can also vary from soft to runny to firm. And the smell can range from mild to pungent.

A baby's diet can play a significant role in the appearance of their poo. Breastfed babies' poo tends to be yellow and seedy, while formula-fed babies' poo is typically firmer and darker in colour. Introducing solid foods can also change the colour and consistency of your baby's poo.

It's important to remember that there is a wide range of normal variations in baby poo. However, if you notice any concerning changes, such as blood or chalky white poo, it's best to consult your paediatrician immediately. Otherwise, as long as your baby's poo is soft and they are not showing any signs of discomfort, there is no need to worry.


The Importance of Clear and Colourless Wee

One of the most important indicators of a healthy baby is their urine. Clear and colourless wee is a sign that your baby is well hydrated and getting enough fluids. This is because the kidneys are functioning properly and filtering out waste products effectively.

Frequent wet nappies are also a good sign of hydration. A newborn baby should have at least 6 wet nappies a day, while a slightly older baby should have around 4-6 wet nappies. This can help parents monitor their baby's hydration levels and ensure they are getting enough fluids.

To ensure your baby is getting enough fluids, it is recommended to breastfeed or bottle-feed on demand. This means allowing your baby to feed whenever they show signs of hunger. If your baby is formula-fed, it is important to follow the instructions on the packaging for the correct amount of water to mix with the formula.

It is also important to offer your baby water once they start eating solid foods. This can help prevent constipation and ensure they are getting enough fluids throughout the day.

Remember, clear and colourless wee is a good sign of a healthy baby, but if you notice any changes in colour or frequency, it is always best to consult with your paediatrician.


Identifying Constipation in Babies

Constipation is a common problem in babies, occurring when their stool (poo) becomes hard and dry, making it difficult for them to pass. It is more common in bottle-fed babies than breastfed babies and can be caused by a change in diet, lack of fibre, or a natural tendency towards constipation.


Symptoms of Constipation in Babies

There are several signs that your baby may be constipated. These include straining while trying to pass a poo, being fussy or unsettled, eating less or not feeding well, and having a tear or crack in the skin around the anus. In some cases, your baby may also appear bloated or have a larger than-usual stomach. Source:

Identifying Constipation in Breastfed and Formula-fed Babies

For breastfed babies, a change in their poo frequency and consistency may be a sign of constipation. Breastfed babies can go several days without passing a poo, and their stools are typically soft and loose. Formula-fed babies may experience constipation due to a change in formula or not drinking enough water.  


Dealing with Diarrhea in Babies

Diarrhea is a common problem in babies and can be caused by various factors such as infections, food allergies, and intolerances. It is important to understand the symptoms of diarrhoea in babies, which may include changes in the frequency, consistency, and colour of their stools. If your baby has more than one stool per feeding or has watery stools, it may be a sign of diarrhoea.

To manage and prevent diarrhoea in babies, it is important to keep them hydrated by offering fluids such as breast milk or a special electrolyte drink recommended by your paediatrician. If your baby is showing signs of dehydration or has a fever, it is important to seek medical attention. Additionally, avoiding potential triggers such as certain foods and practicing good hygiene can help prevent diarrhoea in babies.


When to Seek Medical Help

While constipation and diarrhoea are common issues among babies, it is important to seek medical help if you notice any warning signs. These include blood in your baby's poo, pale or discoloured poo, or if your baby is generally unwell with a fever, vomiting, rash, or lethargy. If your baby is less than 3 months old and has a fever above 38°C, seek immediate medical attention by going to the nearest hospital emergency department or calling triple zero (000) and asking for an ambulance.

Remember, it is always better to be safe than sorry when it comes to your baby's health. Consulting a GP or maternal child health nurse from Pregnancy, Birth and Baby's hotline (1800 882 436) or through video call is a great way to address any concerns you may have about your baby's poo. Additionally, The Royal Children's Hospital offers a constipation fact sheet in multiple languages for those who prefer to read in languages other than English.


Treatment Options for Constipation and Diarrhea

When it comes to treating constipation in babies, there are a few options parents can try. Dietary changes, such as increasing fibre intake and avoiding constipating foods, can help regulate a baby's bowel movements. Massage techniques can also help stimulate the digestive system and promote bowel movements. In some cases, medications may be prescribed by a doctor to help relieve constipation in babies.

For managing diarrhoea in babies, the main goal is to properly rehydrate and nourish the baby's body. Oral rehydration solutions are recommended to replace lost fluids and electrolytes. Breastmilk or formula can also help provide necessary nutrients. It's important to avoid giving a baby solid food until their diarrhoea has resolved. Consulting a medical professional is crucial before trying any treatment for diarrhoea in babies.

Remember, every baby is different and may respond differently to treatments. Always monitor the baby's symptoms and consult a doctor if there is no improvement or if the baby's condition worsens. With proper care and treatment, constipation and diarrhoea in babies can be managed effectively.


In conclusion, it is important for parents to monitor their baby's poo and seek medical help when necessary. Baby poo problems, such as constipation and diarrhoea, can be common and should not be ignored. By paying attention to the frequency, consistency, and colour of their baby's poo, parents can identify any potential issues and seek appropriate treatment.

We understand that dealing with baby poo problems can be overwhelming and stressful for parents. However, with proper guidance and support from healthcare professionals, these issues can be effectively managed. Remember, it is always better to seek medical advice and address any concerns early on rather than wait for the problem to worsen.

We hope this article has provided you with valuable information and reassurance. Remember to consult your child's doctor if you have any concerns about their poo. And, thank you to our sponsors for supporting our mission to improve the health and well-being of children. Together, we can ensure that our little ones stay happy and healthy.